Research by Michael Behrent for KÖNIGSBEGR IS DEAD by Max & Gilbert
Albert of Hohenzollern. (1490–1568) A Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (1511 - 1525) who belonged to the ruling family of Brandenberg, Albert secularized the order in 1525, transforming it into a temporal duchy with Königsberg as its capital. In 1544, he founded the city's university, which until 1945 bore his name.
Arendt, Hannah. (1906 - 1975) A German-American philosopher and political theorist who received her B.A. at the University of Königsberg, before earning her doctorate at Heidelberg and eventually emigrating to the United States in 1941.
Karl Ernst von. (1792-1876), Estonian biologist. He was a
Bessel, Wilhelm Friedrich. (1784 - 1846)
One of the most prominent astronomers of the 19th century, who
mastered the art of identifying stars in a way that clarified science's
understanding of the structure of the universe. In 1810, he became the director
of the new observatory at
Calovius, Abraham. (1612 - 1686). A
Lutheran theologian who taught in Konigsberg (1637-43), before becoming a
Wilhelm. German businessman. A former Panzer commander who had been stationed
in - and who successfully escaped from - Königsberg at the end of the war, he
subsequently became chairman of Deutsches Bank and, from 1988, promoted to Soviet
leaders the idea of establishing
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb. (1762 - 1814). A major post-Kantian philosopher, who came to meet Kant in Königsberg in 1791. He wrote An Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation there in 1792, which assured him immediate fame.
Frey, Johann Gottfried. (1762 - 1831). Königsberg's director of police, Frey was both host and advisor to Freiherr von Stein while the latter's stayed in Königsberg during the reform period following the Prussian defeat to Napoleon in 1806 - 1807. He later become Königsberg's president.
Friedrich III /Friedrich I of Hohenzollern.
(1657–1713). Duke, then, as of January 1701,
Friedrich II "the
Great" of Hohenzollern. (1712-86). Prussian King from 1740 to 1786.
Through a series of wars, notably those of the Austrian Succession and the
Seven Year War, he established
Friedrich-Wilhelm I of Hohenzollern. (1688-1740). Prussian King (1713 - 1740) who, known as "The Sergeant King", played a major role in centralizing the administration of Prussia and developing its military power.
Friedrich-Wilhelm III of Hohenzollern. (1770-1840). Prussian King (1797 - 1840), who, following the Prussian defeat at Jena by Napoleon in 1806 and the disastrous Peace of Tilsit in 1807, established residence in Königsberg with his family to plan the reorganization of his state and the liberation of Europe from French domination. He was surrounded by numerous advisors, who undertook a major series of reforms in the years between 1807 and 1813.
Wilhelm von. (1814-89). German historian. A gifted student
of Ranke (the founder of modern German historiography), he taught at the
Gilmanov, Vladimir. Russian
scholar. A graduate in German studies from
Gorbenko, Leonid. A former dock
worker who later managed the
Goerdeler, Carl. (1884 - 1945). A descendent of a long line of Prussian civil servant, Goerdeler, despite his distaste for Weimar-style democracy, became Bürgermeister of Königsberg in 1920 and served it was his talented administrative abilities for ten years. Though he initially welcomed Hitler's rise to power, his disillusionment brought him into involvement with the July 20, 1944 plot, for which he was executed.
Grishkovets, Yevgeny. (c. 1967 - ).
Russian playwright, described by the New
York Times as "a one-man theater from Kaliningrad who writes, directs,
designs and performs his own lyrical but wickedly barbed comedies", which
have "acquired a cult following and garnered a pile of awards over the
last two seasons in Moscow." (
Hamann, Johann Georg. (1730-88). German philosopher and theologian, who, following a religious conversion on a business trip, led an attack on the abstraction and rationalism of the Enlightenment, symbolized by his friend and fellow citizen of Königsberg, Immanuel Kant.
Herder, Johann Gottfried von. (1744-1803). A German philosopher and proto-anthropologist of sorts, who studied with Kant in Königsberg in 1762, before breaking with him shortly afterwards. A transitional figure between the Aufklärung and Romanticism, he has also been described as an important figure in the "Counter-Enlightenment."
Hilbert, David. (1862-1943).
German mathematician, professor at
Hippel, Theodor Gottlieb von (1741 - 1796). German novelist, essayist and statesman. After studying law at Albertina University, he became chief Bürgermeister and later president of Königsberg, in addition to writing an autobiography, Lebenslauf nach aufsteigender Linie, and a social satire, Kreuzund Querzuge des Ritters A bis Z.
Hippel, Theodor Gottleib von, "The Younger". (1775 - 1843). A citizen of Königsberg who assisted King Friedrich Wilhelm III in writing the address An mein Volk, which appealed to the German people to oust Napoleon's armies from Germany.
Humboldt, Wilhelm von. (1767-1835). Prussian man of letters, statesman and educational reformer who participated in the Königsberg government following the Prussian defeat in 1806 - 1807. Despite his initial trepidation about being confided to a provincial capital, he settled in to the town's salons and cultural life.
Ivanov, Yuri. (1928 - ).
Soviet/Russian writer. An important
Jacobi, Carl Gustav Jacob. (1804-51).
German mathematician. He was a mathematics professor at
Jacoby, Johann. (c. 1800 - c. 1877). German politician. Jacoby began his career as a doctor in Königsberg before becoming active in the liberal movement in the middle of the 19th century. He published a pamphlet calling for representative institutions entitled Vier Fragen, beantwortet von einem Ostpreussen, and represented Königsberg in the Berlin National Assembly and at Paulskirche in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1848 - 1849.
Hohenzollern. Prussian Duke (1608 - 1619), whose inheritance in 1618 confirms
the consolidation of
Kalinnikov, Leonard. Russian scholar.
Kant, Immanuel. (1724 - 1804). Arguably the most significant modern philosopher. A lifelong resident of Königsberg and professor at the Albertina, he brought about the "Copernican Revolution" in philosophy after David Hume awoke him from the "dogmatic slumbers" of rationalism, inspiring him to write his critical corpus (the three Critiques of Pure Reason, Practical Reason and Judgment ) in the 1780s.
Khmurchik, Alexander. Russian journalist. He is/was the editor of the Kalinigradskaja Pravda in the 1990s.
Knutzen, Martin. (1713 - 1751).
An important professor at the
Erich. (1896 - 1986). Nazi
Gauleiter in Königsberg. A veteran of the First World War, Koch joined the
Nazi party in 1922. In 1928 he became the party's Gauleiter for
Königsberg, Allen Stewart. (1935 - ). American film director. A lifelong New Yorker, Königsberg is better known by the name "Woody Allen." He has no clear connection to the city whose name he once bore.
Kraus, Christian Jacob. (1753 - 1807)
A professor of political economy at the
Lasch, Otto. German General who commanded the Wehrmacht forces at Königsberg at the end of the war. He surrendered to the Soviet forces on April 9, 1945. Having subsequently fled the country, he was condemned to death for cowardice. He returned in 1955.
Linck, Hugo. A German survivor of the Battle of Königsberg in 1944-1945. Following the fall to the Soviets, he becomes a de facto representative of the surviving German community to the victors. Author of Königsberg 1945 - 1948 (Leer, 1987).
Louisa. Queen of
Miegel, Agnes. (1879 - 1964). German poet. A resident of Königsberg who left following the Soviet conquest in 1945, her poems are marked by their evocation of her home town.
Minkowski, Hermann. (1864–1909).
Russian mathematician. He was educated in
Motherby, Johanna. A salon hostess in Königsberg and friend of Wilhelm von Humboldt during the time of the residence of the reform government in Königsberg following the 1806 - 1807 defeat.
Navalichin, Dimitri. Soviet architect, who served as
Osiander, Andreas. (1498-1552).
German theologian and reformer. He was a member of the theological faculty at
Putin, Lyudmila (née
Shkrebneva). (1957 - ). Russian First Lady (since 2000). Born in
Rabin, Leah (1928 - 2000).
Israeli First Lady and peace activist. Born Leah Schlossberg in Königsberg to a
successful textile merchant, her family moved to British-ruled
German astronomer and mathematician. Born Johannes Müller in Königsberg, he
assumed his home town's Latin name (Regiomontanus means "king's
hill", or "Königsberg"). He established himself as an important
Renaissance scholar in
Schluter, Andreas. German sculptor.
Noted among his sculptures was the statue of King Frederick I in front of the Schloss at
Schulz, Dr. Pastor of the
Tjan, Dimitri. Soviet urban
planner, who was the first official responsible for the rebuilding of
Wagner. Nazi Kreistleiter who assumed political responsibilities during the Soviet attack on Königsberg in 1944-1945, especially after Gauleiter Koch fled in January 1945. He appealed to the citizens by calling on them to: "Annihilate the Bolsheviks, wherever you can. Make a bloodbath of their path to Königsberg ... Death to the Bolsheviks."
Will, Dr. Bürgermeister of Königsberg at the time that it fell to the Soviets on April 9, 1945.
Yegorov, Admiral Vladimir. A one-time
commander of the Baltic Fleet, who, circa 2000, was elected governor of
von Wartenburg. Prussian General. After